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Welcome to the Geography page

Developing an understanding of the wider world



What is Geography?

People who study geography are called geographers. Geographers are interested in Earth’s physical features, such as mountains, deserts, rivers and oceans. They are also interested in the ways that people affect and are affected by the natural world.

Children learn to appreciate the world around them by using enquiry skills to develop their knowledge and understanding of places, patterns and processes, environmental change and sustainable development.

Geography at Birkdale Primary School is designed to inspire our pupils to have a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people

The National Curriculum states that Geography helps pupils to develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality, as well as understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness. As children progress through their schooling they extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. 

We are now using the Chris Quigley knowledge webs to develop a new long term plan and work on the principle that the curriculum needs and a ‘forwards and backwards’ approach.  This gives children the opportunity to build on previously learnt knowledge and revisit concepts and understanding.


Geography is embedded throughout the early years topics. The skills are revisited every week during each of the different topics.

KS1 and KS2

In Key Stage 1 and 2 Children have history and geography lessons on alternate weeks. 

By the end of each milestone (Year 1/Year 2, Year 3/Year 4, Year 5/Year 6), the goal is for children to display sustained mastery, or for some children a greater depth of understanding.

Our Geography Ambassador says …….

I love learning about new countries and continents.

I like learning about the wonders of the world.

I like learning how to use a map.

I like learning about how one little thing can help the eco-system.


Pupil Voice

This is what our pupils say about Geography….

Coming soon!

Our learning journey - a visual guide

Geography vocabulary that we use

We have recently been working along side Sustrans to create a safe environment for us to walk to school. We did a 'Big Street Survey' and collected information all about the traffic around school.

We have recently had a wonderful donation from Ordnance Survey. Wow! This is really going to help our mapping skills.